The Sex SenseStudy: Men and Women Send Subconscious Odor Signals
ABC News - Aug. 29 - While it is well documented thet females and males of many species can communicate through chemical signals called pheromones, there has remained some question as to whether humans can communicate this way as well.
Using brain imaging, Swedish researchers have found new evidence that men and women can in fact send and receive subconscious odor signals. And, that men and women, it seems, respond to the smells differently.
Pheromones are airborne chemical messengers released from the body (through, for example, sweat and urine) that have a physical or emotional effect on another member of the same species.
Most animals smell or "sense" pheromones through a specialized half-moon shaped structure located inside the nose called the vomeronasal organ. Pheromone signals picked up by the organ are then relayed through nerves to an area of the brain called the hypothalamus, which is well known for its ability to alter emotions, hormones, reproduction and sexual behavior.
Ordinary, non-pheromone smells such as the scents of food or flowers are recognized by a different part of the nose called the olfactory epithelium.
Evidence of Human Pheromones
The strongest evidence for pheromone signaling between humans had been revealed by Dr. Martha McKlintock, who discovered in 1998 that the menstrual cycles of women living together tend to synchronize because of the chemical messages released in their sweat.
The latest study, which appears in this week's issue of the journal Neuron, used PET (positron emission tomography) scanning techniques to analyze the brains of 24 men and women while they smelled chemicals almost identical to the naturally produced sex hormones estrogen and testosterone.
Dr. David Berliner, an expert in the field of chemical signaling and CEO of Pherin Pharmaceuticals, which produces synthetic pheromones, says: "These findings corroborate that human pheromones do exist, and that women can communicate chemically with men and vice versa. This is a very important finding because it shows specific areas of the brain that are activated by these chemicals."
The scientists, led by Dr. Ivanka Savic of the Karolinska Institute, found that the hormone-like smells "turn on" the brain's hypothalamus, which is normally not activated by regular odors.
They also found the brains of men and women respond very differently to the hormones.
Women's hypothalami are activated when they smell the chemical similar to testosterone but not to the estrogen-like substance, whereas men's hypothalami have the opposite response: They are turned on only by the estrogen-like chemical and not the testosterone-like one. There is also sexual disparity between the specific sub-regions of hypothalamus that are activated.
In other words, the way we chemically perceive the opposite sex is very different than the way we perceive members of the same sex. Researchers believe this could explain why some of our behaviors are gender-specific.
Can Pheromones Make Us More Sexually Attractive?
If these pheromones turn on areas of the brain that control mood, hormones and sexual behavior, one might then ask: "Can these chemicals make us more attractive?"
The answer is: Maybe. Researchers at the University of Chicago and University of Utah have found that the same sex hormone-like chemicals used in the Swedish study can in fact have a pheromone effect by producing changes in mood, heart rate, breathing, and body temperature. However, there is currently no indication these chemicals can actually increase sexual arousal or attraction.
Many perfume companies have tried to capitalize on the potential sex-specific effects of these chemicals by adding them to their fragrances. But most of these companies add hormones from animals such as pigs and deer, so they probably don't work. Pheromones are generally species-specific, so a perfume enhanced with pig pheromones is really only useful for other pigs.
The promotions of one company that adds human hormones to its fragrances claim the additives will "put you and your partner at ease, boost your confidence, and contribute to a feeling of well being." The general idea is that pheromone perfume can replace our naturally produced pheromones that have been washed off through bathing and hidden by layers of clothing.
If these claims are true, pheromones may make us more attractive to potential mates by bringing out our best qualities and allowing us to appear more self-assured and relaxed. That "feeling of well being" may also make us a lot more pleasant to be around.
Pheromones as Therapeutics
The ability of tement in men.
Berliner has personally tested many of these compounds. "I love it!" he enthuses. "And it takes only seconds to work. It is very hard to explain with words, but it makes you feel relaxed. All of a sudden your internal life changes for the better, although the outside world has not changed at all."
Thus far, three human pheromones have been detected: androstenol, androstenone, and copulins.
Found exclusively in human vaginal secretions, this odor has been shown to raise male testosterone levels (sex drive), and positively affect perceptions of female attractiveness in targeted males. So watch yourself.
But i already have them... Although all of us have naturally occurring pheromones, as aforementioned, bathing and cologne, as well as age and clothing, severely hinder emissions.
Androstenone & Androstenol
These two pheromones, which surface on the skin of men (and women), occur when chemicals in one's sweat interact with common bacteria. And yes, both of them are believed to influence human attraction.
The difference between them is that androstenol can affect people's impressions of a man's sexual attractiveness, intelligence and confidence.
Androstenone is believed to be the scent of male aggression and dominance. Women are attracted to men who naturally secrete large quantities of these pheromones, and other men tend to avoid them.
By spraying our PherX cologne all over yourself, it is believed that you will obtain:
An increase in communication from women (eye contact, smiles, etc.)
An increase in sexual partners and/or sex with your current partner
An increase in passionate sex
More respect from men
Better professional relationships
Amplification in self-confidence
So spray some on, head on out and get your groove on (or stay in with your woman if that's your game instead). The product will remain on your skin for 24 to 48 hours, so long as you don't bathe, thus removing it.
Now you can finally discover if the only thing you're missing is that secret scent that unknowingly attracts people to you. Enjoy the smell of sex.
Pheromones for Straight Men
Pheromones for Straight Women
Pheromones for Gay Men
Pheromones for Gay Women